ZIP*Data:Database Layouts

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ZIP*Data Navigation
Introduction
Database Layouts
Distance Calculation
Abbreviations and Codes



It is recommend that if you are going to import this data into another format you make every field a text field.

ZIP/County Database (ZIPCnty.csv)

The ZIP/County database can be used to determine which counties have addresses in a given ZIP Code, based on the FIPS Code.

Field Name Definition
ZIP The ZIP code for the record.
FIPS The county FIPS code.
CountyName The name of the county.
Percentage The percentage of deliverable addresses that reside in a county FIPS code for a ZIP Code.
Cnt The number of records used to determine the percentage.


ZIP Code Database (ZIPData2.csv)

The ZIP Code database contains the core ZIP Code data for the U.S. and Puerto Rico.

Field Name Definition
ZIP ZIP Codes identify specific geographic delivery areas. A ZIP code can represent an area within a state, one which crosses state boundaries, or a single building.
State The USPS® standard 2-letter state or territory abbreviation.
City The city, community, station or other name by which a 5-digit ZIP area is known.
CityAbbreviation The abbreviated city name.
Latitude The geographic coordinate of a point measured in degrees north or south of the equator.
Longitude The geographic coordinate of a point measured in degrees east or west of the Greenwich meridian.
CountyFips A Federal Information Processing Standard number is assigned to each county in the United States. FIPS numbers begin with the 2-digit state code and are followed by the 3-digit county code.
CountyName The name of the county.
DominantAreaCode The 3-digit telephone area code.
ZipType Defines the ZIP Code for delivery purposes.
Code Definition
P A ZIP code used only for P.O. Boxes.
U A unique* ZIP code.
M Identifies an APO/FPO ZIP Code.
Blank A standard ZIP Code.
  • These are assigned to specific organizations and not to a city as a whole. Unique ZIP's are assigned to organizations such as Reader's Digest, educational institutions and government facilities.
LastLineIndicator An "L" in this field indicates that the city name is the official USPS name for the ZIP Code. (Only one record per ZIP Code is coded with an "L".)
FacilityCode This code refers to the Postal Facility Code associated with a particular ZIP Code.
Code Definition
A Airport Mail Facility (AMF)
B Branch
C Community Post Office (BMF)
D Area Distribution Center
E Sectional Center Facility (SCF)
F Delivery Distribution Center
G General Mail Facility
K Bulk Mail Center
M Money Order Unit
N Community Name, Former Postal Facility or Place Name
P Post Office
S Station
U Urbanization
X Unapproved Mailing Name
FinanceNumber The number that refers to the main Post Office that serves a city. It is also used with multi-coded cities. All ZIP Codes in a multi-coded city are assigned the same Finance Number by the USPS.
CBSA The Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA) code for the ZIP Code.
CBSATitle The official U.S. Census Bureau name for the CBSA.
CBSAStatus
Code Definition
1 Metropolitan Statistical Area
2 Micropolitan Statistical Area
CBSADivision The numeric code for the division within the CBSA containing the ZIP Code. Some CBSA’s are broken into parts known as divisions.
CBSADivisionTitle The official U.S. Census Bureau’s official name for the division within the CBSA containing the ZIP Code.
CBSADivisionStatus
Code Definition
1 Metropolitan Statistical Area
2 Micropolitan Statistical Area
Organization The organization name.
ResidentialDeliveries The number of active residential mail deliveries to residence addresses.
ResidentailPOBoxes The number of active residential mail deliveries made to PO boxes.
BusinessDeliveries The number of active business mail deliveries made to business addresses.
BusinessPOBoxes The number of active business mail deliveries made to PO Boxes.
TotalPopulation Total Population for a ZIP Code.
PopWhite The number of people in the population of White/Caucasian decent.
PopAfricanAmerican The number of people in the population of Black/African American decent.
PopAmericanIndianAlaskaNative The number of people in the population of American Indian or Alaskan Native decent.
PopAsian The number of people in the population of Asian decent.
PopPacificIslander The number of people in the population of Pacific Islander decent.
PopOther The number of people in the population of Other decent.
PopMultipleRace The number of people in the population of Multiple Race decent.
PopHispanic The number of people in the population of Hispanic/Latino decent.
MedianAge The median age of the population.
MedianAgeMale The median age of the male portion of the population.
MedianAgeFemale The median age of the female portion of the population.
EduNineOrLess The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have an education level under grade 9.
EduSomeHighSchool The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have attended some of high school (between grades 9 and 12) but not graduated.
EduHighSchoolGraduate The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have graduated high school.
EduSomeCollegeNoDiploma The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have attended college but not received a degree.
EduAssociatesDegree The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have attended college and received an associate's degree.
EduBachelorsDegree The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have attended college and received a bachelor's degree.
EduGraduateDegree The number of people over 18 years of age in the population who have attended college and received a graduate degree.
MedianHouseholdIncome The median household income of the population.
PerCapitaIncome The median income per person.
MedianHomeValue The median home value in the ZIP Code.
Time Zone The number of hours past UTC Time Standard.
Hours Time Zone
4 Atlantic
5 Eastern
6 Central
7 Mountain
7 Arizona
8 Pacific
9 Alaska
10 Hawaii-Aleutian
11 Samoa
13 Marshall Islands
14 Guam
15 Palau

In the U.S., the time of each zone is advanced by one hour every year beginning at 2a.m. on the second Sunday in March. On the first Sunday in November, the time is turned back one hour. States and territories exempted from this observance are Arizona, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.

Counties which are split between time zones are Gulf, FL; Alieutian Islands, AK; Idaho, ID; Cherry, NE; McKenzie, ND; Morton, ND; Sioux, ND; Jones, SD; and Stanley, SD

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